Bloody Night (Portuguese: Noite Sangrenta) is the name by which the radical revolt that took place in Lisbon on the night of 19 October 1921, became known. During the Bloody Night, amongst others, were murdered the Head of Government Antonio Granjo; politician Machado Santos and José Carlos da Maia (both of whom were part of the 5 October 1910 revolution that established the Portuguese First Republic). José Carlos da Maia and his wife Berta da Maia were the great grandparents of Francisco Bivar Weinholt a friend of RC Silves and a recent speaker at our meeting on the 27 April. Francisco gave a fascinating presentation on his Great Grandfather and the historic events of the 19th October 1921.
This insurrection took place on the night of 19 October 1921 (a few days after the eleventh anniversary of the “Proclamation of the Republic”), when a group of armymen uprose against the dismissal of the Government headed by Liberato Pinto, protector of the Guarda Nacional Republicana (Republican National Guard). The upheaval culminated in the Bloody Night, the murder of some of the most influential figures of the Republic. The upheaval was headed by colonel Manuel Maria Coelho, and he was joined by Camilo de Oliveira and Cortês dos Santos (both G.N.R. officers) and captain Procópio de Freitas.
With no possibility of resistance, the Government headed by António Granjo presented its resignation to António José de Almeida (President of the Republic). Granjo hid in Francisco Pinto da Cunha Leal’s house, who was close to the revolutionary movement. When the firebrands found him, they took him to the Navy Arsenal (the revolutionary headquarters) and shot him dead. The very same happened to other important Republican figures, such as Machado Santos, José Carlos da Maia and Botelho de Vasconcelos, all kidnapped by a “ghost truck” that drove across Lisbon that night.
All members and guests present at our meeting really enjoyed Francisco’s talk, below are links to the story of his grandparents into 2 episodes on youtube.